brainpy.dyn.synplast.STP#

class brainpy.dyn.synplast.STP(U=0.15, tau_f=1500.0, tau_d=200.0, method='exp_auto', name=None)[source]#

Synaptic output with short-term plasticity.

This model filters the synaptic currents according to two variables: \(u\) and \(x\).

\[I_{syn}^+(t) = I_{syn}^-(t) * x * u\]

where \(I_{syn}^-(t)\) and \(I_{syn}^+(t)\) are the synaptic currents before and after STP filtering, \(x\) denotes the fraction of resources that remain available after neurotransmitter depletion, and \(u\) represents the fraction of available resources ready for use (release probability).

The dynamics of \(u\) and \(x\) are governed by

\[\begin{split} \begin{aligned} \frac{du}{dt} & = & -\frac{u}{\tau_f}+U(1-u^-)\delta(t-t_{sp}), \\ \frac{dx}{dt} & = & \frac{1-x}{\tau_d}-u^+x^-\delta(t-t_{sp}), \\ \tag{1}\end{aligned}\end{split}\]

where \(t_{sp}\) denotes the spike time and \(U\) is the increment of \(u\) produced by a spike. \(u^-, x^-\) are the corresponding variables just before the arrival of the spike, and \(u^+\) refers to the moment just after the spike.

Parameters
  • tau_f (float) – The time constant of short-term facilitation.

  • tau_d (float) – The time constant of short-term depression.

  • U (float) – The fraction of resources used per action potential.

  • method (str) – The numerical integral method.

See also

STD

__init__(U=0.15, tau_f=1500.0, tau_d=200.0, method='exp_auto', name=None)[source]#

Methods

__init__([U, tau_f, tau_d, method, name])

clear_input()

clone()

The function useful to clone a new object when it has been used.

filter(g)

get_delay_data(identifier, delay_step, *indices)

Get delay data according to the provided delay steps.

load_states(filename[, verbose])

Load the model states.

nodes([method, level, include_self])

Collect all children nodes.

offline_fit(target, fit_record)

offline_init()

online_fit(target, fit_record)

online_init()

register_delay(identifier, delay_step, ...)

Register delay variable.

register_implicit_nodes(*nodes, **named_nodes)

register_implicit_vars(*variables, ...)

register_master(master)

reset([batch_size])

Reset function which reset the whole variables in the model.

reset_local_delays([nodes])

Reset local delay variables.

reset_state([batch_size])

Reset function which reset the states in the model.

save_states(filename[, variables])

Save the model states.

train_vars([method, level, include_self])

The shortcut for retrieving all trainable variables.

unique_name([name, type_])

Get the unique name for this object.

update(tdi, pre_spike)

The function to specify the updating rule.

update_local_delays([nodes])

Update local delay variables.

vars([method, level, include_self])

Collect all variables in this node and the children nodes.

Attributes

derivative

global_delay_data

isregistered

State of the component, representing whether it has been registered.

mode

Mode of the model, which is useful to control the multiple behaviors of the model.

name

Name of the model.