brainpy.math.random.gamma(shape, scale=None, size=None, key=None)[source]#

Draw samples from a Gamma distribution.

Samples are drawn from a Gamma distribution with specified parameters, shape (sometimes designated “k”) and scale (sometimes designated “theta”), where both parameters are > 0.

  • shape (float or array_like of floats) – The shape of the gamma distribution. Must be non-negative.

  • scale (float or array_like of floats, optional) – The scale of the gamma distribution. Must be non-negative. Default is equal to 1.

  • size (int or tuple of ints, optional) – Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., (m, n, k), then m * n * k samples are drawn. If size is None (default), a single value is returned if shape and scale are both scalars. Otherwise, np.broadcast(shape, scale).size samples are drawn.


out – Drawn samples from the parameterized gamma distribution.

Return type:

ndarray or scalar


The probability density for the Gamma distribution is

\[p(x) = x^{k-1}\frac{e^{-x/\theta}}{\theta^k\Gamma(k)},\]

where \(k\) is the shape and \(\theta\) the scale, and \(\Gamma\) is the Gamma function.

The Gamma distribution is often used to model the times to failure of electronic components, and arises naturally in processes for which the waiting times between Poisson distributed events are relevant.