brainpy.math.random.standard_gamma(shape, size=None, key=None)[source]#

Draw samples from a standard Gamma distribution.

Samples are drawn from a Gamma distribution with specified parameters, shape (sometimes designated “k”) and scale=1.

  • shape (float or array_like of floats) – Parameter, must be non-negative.

  • size (int or tuple of ints, optional) – Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., (m, n, k), then m * n * k samples are drawn. If size is None (default), a single value is returned if shape is a scalar. Otherwise, np.array(shape).size samples are drawn.


out – Drawn samples from the parameterized standard gamma distribution.

Return type:

ndarray or scalar

See also


probability density function, distribution or cumulative density function, etc.


The probability density for the Gamma distribution is

\[p(x) = x^{k-1}\frac{e^{-x/\theta}}{\theta^k\Gamma(k)},\]

where \(k\) is the shape and \(\theta\) the scale, and \(\Gamma\) is the Gamma function.

The Gamma distribution is often used to model the times to failure of electronic components, and arises naturally in processes for which the waiting times between Poisson distributed events are relevant.



Draw samples from the distribution:

>>> shape, scale = 2., 1. # mean and width
>>> s = bm.random.standard_gamma(shape, 1000000)

Display the histogram of the samples, along with the probability density function:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> import scipy.special as sps  
>>> count, bins, ignored = plt.hist(s, 50, density=True)
>>> y = bins**(shape-1) * ((np.exp(-bins/scale))/  
...                       (sps.gamma(shape) * scale**shape))
>>> plt.plot(bins, y, linewidth=2, color='r')