brainpy.math.surrogate.s2nn#

brainpy.math.surrogate.s2nn(x, alpha=4.0, beta=1.0, epsilon=1e-08)[source]#

Judge spiking state with the S2NN surrogate spiking function [1].

If origin=False, computes the forward function:

$\begin{split}g(x) = \begin{cases} 1, & x \geq 0 \\ 0, & x < 0 \\ \end{cases}\end{split}$

If origin=True, computes the original function:

$\begin{split} \begin{split}g(x) = \begin{cases} \mathrm{sigmoid} (\alpha x), x < 0 \\ \beta \ln(|x + 1|) + 0.5, x \ge 0 \end{cases}\end{split}\end{split}$

Backward function:

$\begin{split} \begin{split}g'(x) = \begin{cases} \alpha * (1 - \mathrm{sigmoid} (\alpha x)) \mathrm{sigmoid} (\alpha x), x < 0 \\ \frac{\beta}{(x + 1)}, x \ge 0 \end{cases}\end{split}\end{split}$
>>> import brainpy as bp
>>> import brainpy.math as bm
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> bp.visualize.get_figure(1, 1, 4, 6)
>>> xs = bm.linspace(-3, 3, 1000)
>>> plt.plot(bm.as_numpy(xs), bm.as_numpy(grads), label=r'$\alpha=4, \beta=1$')
>>> plt.plot(bm.as_numpy(xs), bm.as_numpy(grads), label=r'$\alpha=8, \beta=2$')
>>> plt.legend()
>>> plt.show()

Parameters:
• x (jax.Array, Array) – The input data.

• alpha (float) – The param that controls the gradient when x < 0.

• beta (float) – The param that controls the gradient when x >= 0

• epsilon (float) – Avoid nan

Returns:

out – The spiking state.

Return type:

jax.Array

References